NodeNetwork

Introduction

NodeNetworks are a collection of PositionedNodes which are linked to eachother using Links. NodeNetworks are used for pathfinding.

Loading a NodeNetwork

Files Used: Sample.nntx NodeNetworks can be loaded from .nntx files. Download the file and:

  • Drag the file into your Solution. If you decide to use the Content Pipeline, remember to not include the extension when loading the file. This sample will use from-file loading. To load from-file:

    • Select the .nntx file once it's in the Solution Explorer.

    • Press F4 or right click and select Properties

    • Select "None" for the Build Action.

    • Select "Copy if newer" for the "Copy to Output Directory".

Add the following using statement:

using FlatRedBall.AI.Pathfinding;
using FlatRedBall.Content.AI.Pathfinding;

Add the following code to Initialize after initializing FlatRedBall:

NodeNetworkSave save = NodeNetworkSave.FromFile("sample.nntx");
NodeNetwork nodeNetwork = save.ToNodeNetwork();
nodeNetwork.Visible = true;

Creating a NodeNetwork

The following code creates a simple NodeNetwork and a Sprite. Pressing the 1, 2, 3, or 4 keys causes the Sprite to move toward a given node on the NodeNetwork. This example shows simple node creation, using the node for pathfinding, and how to make the node visible. Add the following using statement:

using FlatRedBall.AI.Pathfinding;
using FlatRedBall.Input;

Add the following at class scope:

NodeNetwork nodeNetwork;
Sprite sprite;
List<PositionedNode> nodePath;

Add the following in Initialize after initializing FlatRedBall:

 // Instantiate the NodeNetwork.
 nodeNetwork = new NodeNetwork();

 // Create the 4 nodes.
 PositionedNode node = nodeNetwork.AddNode();
 node.Position = new Vector3(-5, 5, 0); // top left

 node = nodeNetwork.AddNode();
 node.Position = new Vector3(5, 5, 0); // top right

 node = nodeNetwork.AddNode();
 node.Position = new Vector3(5, -5, 0); // bottom right

 node = nodeNetwork.AddNode();
 node.Position = new Vector3(-5, -5, 0); // bottom left

 // Link the nodes together.
 // LinkTo creates two links - one to and one from.
 float linkCost = 1;
 nodeNetwork.Nodes[0].LinkTo(nodeNetwork.Nodes[1], linkCost);
 nodeNetwork.Nodes[1].LinkTo(nodeNetwork.Nodes[2], linkCost);
 nodeNetwork.Nodes[2].LinkTo(nodeNetwork.Nodes[3], linkCost);
 nodeNetwork.Nodes[3].LinkTo(nodeNetwork.Nodes[0], linkCost);

 // Make the NodeNetwork visible.  Usually only used for debugging
 // and development.
 nodeNetwork.Visible = true;

 // Create the Sprite used to move around the NodeNetwork
 sprite = SpriteManager.AddSprite("redball.bmp");

Add the following in Update:

 FlatRedBall.Input.Keyboard keyboard = InputManager.Keyboard;

 // Press 1, 2, 3, or 4 to set the Sprite's path for the target node.
 if (keyboard.KeyPushed(Keys.D1))
 {
     nodePath = nodeNetwork.GetPath(
         ref sprite.Position, ref nodeNetwork.Nodes[0].Position);
 }
 if (keyboard.KeyPushed(Keys.D2))
 {
     nodePath = nodeNetwork.GetPath(
         ref sprite.Position, ref nodeNetwork.Nodes[1].Position);
 }
 if (keyboard.KeyPushed(Keys.D3))
 {
     nodePath = nodeNetwork.GetPath(
         ref sprite.Position, ref nodeNetwork.Nodes[2].Position);
 }
 if (keyboard.KeyPushed(Keys.D4))
 {
     nodePath = nodeNetwork.GetPath(
         ref sprite.Position, ref nodeNetwork.Nodes[3].Position);
 }

 // Progress towards the goal.
 if (nodePathย != null && nodePath.Countย != 0)
 {
     PositionedNode node = nodePath[0];

     if ((sprite.Position - node.Position).Length() < .1f)
     {
         nodePath.RemoveAt(0);
         sprite.Velocity = new Vector3();
     }
     else
     {
         float magnitude = 3;

         double angle = Math.Atan2(node.Y - sprite.Y, node.X - sprite.X);

         sprite.XVelocity = (float)Math.Cos(angle) * magnitude;
         sprite.YVelocity = (float)Math.Sin(angle) * magnitude;
     }
 }

References

Pathfinding

Sprite

Input

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